Specific Phobia is an unrealistic or exaggerated fear of a specific object or situation. A panic attack resulting from anxiety can occur when the person encounters said phobia or from anticipation of doing so. The fear is so extreme it interferes with daily functioning.
Common phobias include; certain animals or insects, heights, blood, and agoraphobia.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy commonly uses graded exposure to disconfirm a persons maladaptive cognitions with regards to the feared object or situation.